兰州财经大学学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 114-124.

• 经济与法 • 上一篇    

个人信息与个人隐私的界分及其法律意义

  

  1. 兰州财经大学 法学院

  • 出版日期:2022-02-20 发布日期:2022-03-22

The Boundary between Personal Information and Personal Privacy and its Legal Significance

  • Online:2022-02-20 Published:2022-03-22

摘要:

个人信息与个人隐私之间既有密切联系又有明显差异。具体而言,两者都具有人格法益,在内容上存在交叉,但在法律属性、内容和范围、保护价值、产生的权利、保护依据与保护方式等诸多方面存在明显差异。个人信息中的私密信息与非私密信息并非泾渭分明,应当考量该信息泄露后造成损害的程度、对社会生活的重要程度、公众对该信息私密性的认知程度、现行规范对该信息分类保护的程度以及该信息使用所处的场景等因素加以认定。两者的界分,对于个人信息保护立法目的确立、保护模式的选择、个人信息保护的预防和监督以及侵权案件的法律适用和侵权行为认定具有意义。

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Abstract:

Personal information and personal privacy are both closely relevant and different.Specifically,both have legal interests of personality and overlap in content while there are obvious differences in legal attributes,content and scope,the value of protection,inherent rights,and the basis and method of protection. The boundary between private information and non-private information in personal information is not very clear. For demarcating both types of information,these factors should be considered such as the degree of damage caused by the disclosure of the information,the degree of importance to social life,the degree of public awareness of the privacy of the information,the level of classification and protection of the information by the present norms,and the occasions in which the information is used. The demarcation between the two is of significance for the establishment of the purpose of personal information protection legislation,the choice of protection mode,the prevention and supervision of personal information protection,the application of law in infringement cases and the determination of in fringement.

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