兰州财经大学学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 85-94.

• 经济理论与实践 • 上一篇    下一篇

收入质量属性的构建及其对农村居民消费行为的影响研究——基于经典收入假说消费理论

  

  1. 兰州财经大学 经济学院
  • 出版日期:2022-02-20 发布日期:2022-03-22

Research on the Construction of Income Quality Attribute and Its Influence on the Consumption Behavior of Rural People——Based on Consumption Theory of the Classical Income Hypothesis

  • Online:2022-02-20 Published:2022-03-22

摘要:

启动农村消费市场对于发挥消费对经济发展的“压舱石”作用,实现经济高质量发展具有重要意义。研究以我国农村居民为对象,结合经典收入假说消费理论主要思想,构建农村居民收入质量属性度量体系,从收入质量层面实证检验收入因素对我国农村居民消费行为的具体影响结盟。结果发现:在收入数量既定的前提下,收入质量属性对农村居民的消费行为有显著影响,其中收入充足性、收入持久性和收入不确定性对农村居民消费具有显著的正向影响;而收入流动性和收入成本性对农村居民消费具有一定的抑制作用。另外,从对不同类型消费品的影响来看,收入各质量属性的影响存在异质性。该研究结论揭示了长期以来我国农村居民收入增长与消费增长不相协调的本质原因。

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Abstract:

The rural consumption market is of great significance to a stable and high-quality development of the economy. However,China's rural consumer market has been relatively sluggish for a long time. The academic community has not provided a comprehensive explanation. By taking rural residents of China as the research object,this study synthesizes the consumption theory of the classic income hypothesis to construct the measurement system of rural residents' income quality attributes and empirically tests the specific impact of income factors on rural residents' consumption behavior from the level of income quality. The study found that based on an established income,the income quality attribute has a significant impact on the consumption behavior of rural residents,among which income adequacy,income durability,and income uncertainty have a significant positive impact on rural residents' consumption,while income mobility and cost of income have a certain inhibitory effect on rural residents' consumption. In addition,from the perspective of the impact on consumer goods of different type,there is heterogeneity in the impact of each quality attribute of income. The conclusion of this study reveals the causes for the long-term inconsistency between the income growth and consumption growth of rural people in China from a new perspective.

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